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Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Old 01-14-18, 01:45 PM
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Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Hooray for Bangladesh!

This is a tremendous amount of progress, in a very short amount of time, done by one of the poorest countries on earth.

If Bangladesh can solve this problem, then there's no reason why all the other countries that still have this problem can't solve it too.


https://apnews.com/6d881414fcc44ba89a8b47fdea037215

Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

July 16, 2016

BORMI, Bangladesh (AP) — Answering nature’s call was once a nightmare for Rashida Begum, who had to creep around the jungle for a suitably private spot. Her home had no toilet, like the thousands of others in her crowded cluster of farming villages outside the capital.

In just over a decade, that’s all changed, in her neighborhood and many others.

Through a dogged campaign to build toilets and educate Bangladeshis about the dangers of open defecation, the densely populated South Asian nation has managed to reduce the number of people who defecate in the open to just 1 percent of the 166 million population, according to the government — down from 42 percent in 2003.

“Once it was our habit to go to the fields or jungles. Now, it is shameful to us,” Begum said in Bormi, a cluster of poor farming villages just outside Dhaka, the capital. “Even our children do not defecate openly anymore. We do not need to ask them; they do it on their own.”

Bangladesh’s success in sanitation — something so far unattained by its wealthier neighbor to the south, India — came from a dogged campaign supported by 25 percent of the country’s overall development budget.

“The government has made a huge commitment,” said Akramul Islam, director for water, sanitation and hygiene of the development NGO Brac. “The government decided that funds should go to the extreme poor who do not have latrines. So that basically gives a big push from the public sector for spending on sanitation.”

The government’s engineers also partnered with village councils and charities to spread the message on how toilets are key to better health. Rising incomes — moving from an average of $1,154 in 2012-13 to $1,314 in the last fiscal year, according to the World Bank — also helped to drive demand, Islam said.

Activists say small-scale surveys show that the campaign has improved public health, though there are not yet any government statistics to prove it more broadly.

“We see clearly that there is a decline in waterborne diseases and diarrheal diseases, so there is a clear link there,” Islam said, while acknowledging that the improvement was something “we have to study.”

Begum said her children have had no stomach illnesses since she installed an in-house toilet.

Open defecation is considered a major public health menace, causing childhood diarrhea, parasitic worm infections and other scourges that contribute to childhood stunting, malnutrition and tens of billions of dollars in lost productivity every year. Diarrheal diseases kill 700,000 children every year in India alone — most of which could have been prevented with better sanitation.

India has spent about $3 billion since 1986 on campaigning and sanitation programs, but has not come close to Bangladesh’s success. Two-thirds of India’s 1.25 billion people still use the great outdoors as their public latrine. About half of Nepal’s 30 million people and about 20 percent of Pakistan’s 182 million also do not have facilities at home.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has made public sanitation a hallmark of his “Clean India” drive, promising that every home would have a toilet by 2019 and setting aside hundreds of millions of dollars for the job. India has already built around 20 million toilets, but still has another 111 million to build to reach its goal.

Bangladesh’s sanitation victory didn’t come easy. Millions of dollars from the government and charities were spent, and campaign volunteers said they worked hard to change public attitudes and habits.

Many villagers — particularly men — preferred going outdoors, where they could think in private, survey their lands or just feel the evening breeze or gaze at the sky. For women, however, having no toilet was both a nuisance and a danger, as many said they had to wait for nightfall for privacy.

“We had to cover our noses during rainy season because of the bad smell,” said field campaigner Al Amin Akand of the charity Plan International, which works on community issues. “We had to work for years to motivate the villagers.”

Back in 2008, most people in Bormi had no choice but to use the surrounding forests to defecate.

“We had to do fierce campaigning,” going door-to-door for years, said Mohammed Badal Sarker, chairman of a local village council. The council even turned children into whistleblowers — literally.

“We provided schoolchildren with whistles to alert the villagers. It worked like magic,” the chairman said. Children were encouraged to shout slogans like “Defecating in the open is the enemy of the people” and “No one will marry your daughter if you do not have a toilet at home.”

The drive has even sparked a new industry in household sanitation, with small businesses cropping up across the country to sell the components for making inexpensive latrines. All it takes, they say, is an investment of $12 to $60 to buy two to three concrete rings and a concrete pan.

“Now you will not find a home without a sanitary latrine,” Sarkar said.

There is still cause for concern. Bangladesh’s overpopulated urban areas are proving to be more of a challenge, mostly because the opportunity for contaminating the water supply is much greater.

“People might be using a toilet or a latrine, but then where does the human waste go from there?” said John Sauer, senior technical adviser of the Washington-based Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Population Services International (PSI). Waste water could be dumped on a field where children play, or where food is grown. “We must address where the human waste goes and how it is treated, disposed or reused.”

Still, Sauer said, the achievement of virtually eradicating open defecation in just a decade is astonishing.

“Bangladesh has a lot to teach the rest of the developing world,” he said.
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Old 01-14-18, 11:26 PM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

So what the article is saying is that many parts of the world lack omnipresent indoor plumbing and that people often resort to voiding their bowels wherever they can find a spot, perhaps even into shallow depressions dug in the ground.

Not Bangladesh though, not anymore.
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Old 01-14-18, 11:43 PM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Still a significant problem in India, though.

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/m...ng-sanitation/
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Old 01-15-18, 12:06 AM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Originally Posted by AGuyNamedMike View Post
So what the article is saying is that many parts of the world lack omnipresent indoor plumbing and that people often resort to voiding their bowels wherever they can find a spot, perhaps even into shallow depressions dug in the ground.
A literal “shithole country”?
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Old 01-15-18, 12:25 AM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Originally Posted by GoldenJCJ View Post
A literal “shithole country”?
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Old 01-15-18, 09:11 AM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Now there's a thread for this? What's next? Trump badmouths cripples from countries with an ethnicity other than white and we get a thread documenting how some of those countries have lousy access to healthcare while others have really great healthcare? I mean, there's theatrically obtuse obfuscation, and then there's the current state of Republican apologists.
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Old 01-15-18, 10:15 AM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Originally Posted by maxfisher View Post
apologists.
Denialists, not apologists.
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Old 01-15-18, 10:47 AM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

grundle really seems to have a fixation on feces lately. I have a feeling he has 2 girls 1 cup playing on a constant loop.
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Old 01-15-18, 10:57 AM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Originally Posted by Jaymole View Post
grundle really seems to have a fixation on feces lately. I have a feeling he has 2 girls 1 cup playing on a constant loop.
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Old 01-15-18, 11:36 AM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Originally Posted by gryffinmaster View Post
Still a significant problem in India, though.

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/m...ng-sanitation/
Well, at least they’re still trying to get their shit together.
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Old 01-15-18, 12:01 PM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Hey, shit happens.
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Old 01-15-18, 01:04 PM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Originally Posted by maxfisher View Post
Now there's a thread for this? What's next? Trump badmouths cripples from countries with an ethnicity other than white and we get a thread documenting how some of those countries have lousy access to healthcare while others have really great healthcare? I mean, there's theatrically obtuse obfuscation, and then there's the current state of Republican apologists.
Why do you care? Put the person on ignore. Or become a mod and ban everything that you don't like.
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Old 01-16-18, 01:26 AM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

I happen to think this is a worthy subject.

After I mentioned it in the Trump thread, a mod said:


Originally Posted by Groucho View Post
https://forum.dvdtalk.com/13245915-post1881.html

grundle, stop. The president's "shithole" comments had nothing to do with infrastructure. If you want to discuss the infrastructure of third world countries, you are welcome to start another thread.

Everybody else, please stop engaging him in this off-topic discussion

Although I disagree with Groucho's claim that Trump's comments had nothing to do with infrastructure, I do respect his position as a moderator. And his request is perfectly reasonable.

Anyway, I was googling for articles on the subject, and I found the one about Bangladesh's huge success on the issue, and I thought it was worth posting.
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Old 01-16-18, 01:32 AM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Originally Posted by cungar View Post
Originally Posted by DVD Polizei View Post
Why do you care? Put the person on ignore. Or become a mod and ban everything that you don't like.
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Old 01-16-18, 01:40 AM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Originally Posted by Jaymole View Post
grundle really seems to have a fixation on feces lately. I have a feeling he has 2 girls 1 cup playing on a constant loop.

My fixation is on quality of life. I did think that Trump's recent comment was a good reason to discuss the subject. I think those of us who have lived in the first world our entire lives tend to take for granted how easy we have it relative to the rest of the world. And for those on the political left with an interest in the subject of inequality, I would think this subject would be very relevant.
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Old 01-16-18, 02:14 AM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

You should stop your open defecation here.
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Old 01-16-18, 04:14 PM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Bangladesh?

How about San Francisco?
Not intended as a thread but did you know they have an online map to track human feces on their streets?

(Human) Wasteland uses human waste reports made to 311 in San Francisco
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Old 01-16-18, 04:18 PM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Originally Posted by mspmms View Post
Bangladesh?

How about San Francisco?
Not intended as a thread but did you know they have an online map to track human feces on their streets?

(Human) Wasteland uses human waste reports made to 311 in San Francisco


Yep!


https://www.engadget.com/2014/11/21/...eland-project/

San Francisco's public defecation map highlights a shitty situation

November 21, 2014



Wondering what that smell near the Civic Center is, San Francisco resident? As far as serious interactive maps go, Human Wasteland is one of the strangest we've seen. Created by civil-engineer-turned-web-developer Jennifer Wong, the project plots human excrement "incidents" reported by the public to SF311. Her project won an internal hacking contest for employees of a real estate website, an ironic honor considering the city's contentious housing issues. The highest concentration of crap is at a downtown alley next to the financial district, right in a high-traffic area frequented by tourists.

While the odd drunk or other soul may have had an emergency, the map is more about folks who don't have a toilet, period. According to the SF Weekly, the map (graphically) reflects the city's problems with limited, filthy public restrooms and lack of services for the homeless. So while it's amusing for non-residents and disgusting for city center dwellers or tourists, it did make me think: "Where would I go in public if I had no choice?"
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Old 01-16-18, 04:52 PM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

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Old 01-16-18, 04:52 PM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Holy Shit

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Old 01-16-18, 05:12 PM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

Originally Posted by VinVega View Post
Holy Shit
Yes you are correct, the poop on the streets of San Francisco is near several churches too.

One area of the city reported a 140% rise in feces.
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Old 01-16-18, 05:18 PM
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Re: Bangladesh stops open defecation in just over a decade

This smiley has become so much more relevant.

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Old 01-16-18, 05:56 PM
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Old 01-16-18, 06:09 PM
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Old 01-16-18, 06:38 PM
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