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Aviation phrases

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Aviation phrases

Old 09-15-05, 11:54 AM
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Aviation phrases

Could any one explain what the two following words mean in the world of planes:
1.Heavy- I hear this when they speak over the radio, I assume it means either a 747 or heavy refers to the fact it might have alot of fuel on board.
2.Widebody- I think it means to any aircraft that can carry a certain amount of passengers.
Please could you help me out.
Old 09-15-05, 12:01 PM
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I know that "cropdusting" is when the flight attendant farts as she walks down the isle.
Old 09-15-05, 12:02 PM
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Heavy is fuel. If they are coming in for a landing they may have to dump fuel if they are coming in heavy.
Old 09-15-05, 12:05 PM
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Old 09-15-05, 12:28 PM
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Originally Posted by jdslater1
2.Widebody- I think it means to any aircraft that can carry a certain amount of passengers.
Please could you help me out.
Widebody jets are those with two aisles rather than just a single center aisle.

For example, with Boeing the widebodies are 767, 747 and 777.
Old 09-15-05, 12:41 PM
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Originally Posted by jdslater1
Could any one explain what the two following words mean in the world of planes:
1.Heavy- I hear this when they speak over the radio, I assume it means either a 747 or heavy refers to the fact it might have alot of fuel on board.
2.Widebody- I think it means to any aircraft that can carry a certain amount of passengers.
Please could you help me out.
Most widebodies are heavies. Heavy is for aircraft over a specific weight. They create more air turbulence behind them (like boat wake), and the separation distance is larger. There are two other categories, one for small private planes, corporate jets etc, and one for more normal sized passenger liners. To protect the smaller plane, mixed classes are kept further apart than planes of the same class.

Wide body is the diameter of the fuselage, which translates to how many can be seated across. I don't know the spec. In practice, widebody and heavy are essentially equivalent. There may be a plane that is only one, but I'm not aware of it.

The first link explains why it is good to know you are following a heavy. The 2nd gives some definitions.

Last edited by OldDude; 09-15-05 at 01:08 PM.
Old 09-15-05, 12:49 PM
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thanks, you just gave out info about the air traffic contoller faq's, the terrorists just won.
Old 09-15-05, 01:03 PM
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negative ghostrider, the pattern is full

Last edited by Iron Chef; 09-15-05 at 02:07 PM.
Old 09-15-05, 01:04 PM
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All correct. Some planes, the 757 comes to mind, aren't always "heavy." It just depends on the load.
Old 09-15-05, 01:13 PM
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Originally Posted by Iron Chef
negaitve ghostrider, the pattern is full

Speaking of that, what does "no joy" mean? Viper says 'Jester called, no joy' in his office after Mavick follows Jester below the hard deck.
Old 09-15-05, 01:37 PM
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You don't see whatever it is you're looking for.
Old 09-15-05, 01:51 PM
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Yeah, you call "no joy" when you can't establish or you lose visual contact. I think you can use the same term to describe a loss of radar contact as well.
Old 09-15-05, 02:29 PM
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From www.faa.gov

Heavy = Aircraft capable of takeoff weights of more than 255,000 pounds whether or not they are operating at this weight during a particular phase of flight.

"Heavy" aircraft models:
Airbus A-300/310/330/340
Antonov An-70/124/
Boeing (Civilian) 707/747/757/767/777
Britten Norman VC-10
Ilyushin A-50/Be-976/IL-62/76/78/82/86/87/96
Lockheed (Civilian) L-1011
McDonnell-Douglas (Civilian) DC-8/10/MD-11
...and a shit-load of military aircraft (C-5, B-52, KC-135, B-2, and so forth...)
Old 09-15-05, 02:39 PM
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And while we're at it.... (yeah, I've worked with the Air Force and Navy for nearly 20 years now)
  • ABORT: Directive commentary to terminate. Applicable to a specific attack maneuver or entire mission.
  • ACTIVE: An onboard radar self-guidance mode of an advanced AAR like the AIM 120
  • ALPHA CHECK: A request for bearing and distance to a given point. Generally used to confirm navigational accuracy
  • ANCHOR: 1.) Begin an orbit at a specific point or location. 2.) A refueling track flown by a tanker aircraft.
  • ANGELS: Altitude expressed in thousands of feet. Angels 20 means 20,000 ft.
  • AS FRAGGED: Perform the event as briefed or planned.
  • BANDIT: Known enemy aircraft. Only used when the contact is confirmed hostile.
  • BEAM/BEAMER: Descriptive terminology for an aircraft that maneuvered to stabilize between 70 degrees 110 degrees aspect. Can be used to describe your own action. Example: stab 11 beaming North.
  • BELLY CHECK: Directive commentary to instruct recipient to roll over and check for bandits underneath him.
  • BENT: Inoperative or "bent" system. "Stab one one gadget bent"
  • BINGO / BINGO FUEL: A predetermined fuel quantity that is required to safely return to base.
  • BLIND: Lost visual contact with appropriate friendly aircraft. Generally means that the wingman lost sight of a flight lead. The opposite of this is VISUAL.
  • BOGEY: An unknown radar/visual contact.
  • BOGEY DOPE: A request for information about a specific target or threat. Generally directed toward GCI/AWACS or other flight members.
  • BOX: Groups/contacts/formations in a square, as viewed on a radar display or from above.
  • BRACKET: Indicates geometry where aircraft will maneuver to a position on opposing sides of a given point / target, either laterally / vertically/ or a combination of both. Basically, it is a relatively short-range pincer maneuver.
  • BREAK: (Up/Down/Right/Left) –Directive to perform an immediate maximum performance turn. Assumes a defensive situation that requires immediate action.
  • BREVITY: Denotes radio frequency is becoming saturated/degraded/jammed and more concise/less R/T transmissions should be used.
  • BUDDY SPIKE: Illumination by friendly AI RWR.
  • BUG OUT: Separate from the engagement and head for a safe area or home.
  • BULLSEYE: A pre-briefed reference point. It is used to describe your position or that of the target.
  • CLEAN: 1.) No radar contacts, i.e. your radar scope is clean. 2.) An aircraft configuration without any external stores or tanks.
  • CLEARED: Requested action is approved.
  • CLEARED HOT: Ordnance release is approved.
  • CLOSING: Bandit/bogey/target is decreasing its range.
  • COLD: 1.) Attack geometry that will result in a position behind the target. (lag pursuit) 2.) Pointed away from the anticipated threats.
  • COMMITTED/COMMIT: Intent to engage/intercept.
  • CONTACT: Radar/IR contact; should include bearing, range, altitude (BRA), Bull’s-eye, or geographic position information.
  • CONTINUE: Continue present maneuver; does not imply clearance to engage or to shoot.
  • COVER: Directive R/T to assume supporting role and responsibilities.
  • DEFENSIVE: (Spike/Missile/SAM/Mud/AAA) – Subject is in a defensive position and maneuvering with reference to the threat. If not explicitly stated, threat is assumed to an air/air threat.
  • DRAG/DRAGGING: (Direction) – Bogey/Bandit maneuvering to 60 degrees or less aspect. Can also describe your own actions.
  • ENGAGED: Maneuvering with respect to a threat or target in order to kill or negate an attack.
  • EXTEND: (Direction) – Directive to temporally depart the immediate "fight" location gain energy, distance, time, situational awareness, or a combination of all. The intent is to reengage as soon as desired parameter is achieved.
  • FADED: Radar contact is lost or has "faded" from your radar display.
  • FEET WET/DRY: Transitioning from flying over water/land.
  • FENCE CHECK/FENCE IN/FENCE OUT: Set cockpit switches as appropriate to your location. Generally means to arm up weapons as you enter enemy territory and safe them as you proceed back to friendly airspace.
  • FLANK/FLANKING: Target with a stable aspect of 120 degrees to 150 degrees.
  • FLOAT: Expand the formation laterally within visual limits. Used to initiate a "bracket" or to force a commit from a trailing bandit.
  • FOX (one/two/three): Simulated/actual launch of a missile.
  • GADGET: Radar or sensor equipment.
  • GIMBALL: (Direction) – Radar target of interest is approaching azimuth or elevation limits of your radar and you are about to loose contact.
  • GORILLA: A large number of unknown contacts that appear to maneuver to a common objective.
  • GROUP: Radar Contacts that appear to operate together within approximately 3 Nm of each other.
  • HARD LEFT/RIGHT: Directive call to initiate a High-G, energy sustaining turn. Generally used when entering a fight offensively. A ‘break’ turn is used for a defensive situation.
  • HIGH: Target altitude at or above 30,000 feet MSL.
  • HIT: A Radar return on the Radar scope (A/A).
  • HOLDING HANDS: Aircraft together in a coordinated visual formation.
  • HOME PLATE: Home airfield.
  • HOT: 1.) For an AI intercept ‘hot’ describes geometry will result in roll out in front of target 2.) Pointing toward the anticipated threats in a CAP (A/A). 3.) Weapons employment authorized.
  • IN PLACE: (Left/Right) – Simultaneously maneuvering the whole flight in the specified direction.
  • JOKER: Has had several definitions 1.) Fuel state is such that the mission can continue to the target via scheduled route and RTB, but with little or no reserve. 2.) Fuel state is such that the entire mission can be flown and all the ordnance carried all the way back to home plate. Generally used when the target is obscured by WX and Higher Headquarter directives preclude jettisoning bombs prior to RTB.
  • KILL: Commit and kill specified target.
  • LADDER: Three or more groups in trail formations. It appears as a "ladder" on the radar display
  • LINE ABREAST: A side-by-side formation.
  • LOCKED: (BRA/Direction) – Radar Lock on. DOES NOT ASSUME SORT OR TARGETNING responsibilities are met unless specifically stated.
  • LOW: Target altitude below 10,000 feet MSL
  • MEDIUM: Target altitude between 10,000 and 30,00 feet MSL.
  • MERGE/MERGED: 1.) Bandits and friendlies are in the visual arena. 2.) Radar returns have come together.
  • MUSIC: Electronic radar jamming.
  • NO JOY: Lost or no visual contact with the target/bandit; opposite of TALLY.
  • NOTCH: (Direction) – Radar missile defensive maneuver to place threat radar/missile near the beam.
  • PADLOCKED: Aircrew cannot take eyes off target without risk of losing tally/visual.
  • PAINT: Friendly AAI/APX interrogation return.
  • PICTURE: Situation briefing given by AWACS or GCI that provides a general tactical overview.
  • POSIT: Request for a position report.
  • PRESS: Continue the attack; mutual support will be maintained.
  • SEPARATE: Leaving a specific engagement.
  • SHACKLE: A weave or a single crossing of flight paths in order to regain formation geometry.
  • SHOOTER: Aircraft that will employ ordnance or "shoot"
  • SLOW: speed of less than 300 knots.
  • SNAP: (object, destination, location.) – An immediate vector to the requested target or geographic point.
  • SORTED: Pre-briefed criteria has been met insuring each flight member have separate targets.
  • SPIKE: RWR indication of AI threat.
  • SPITTER: (Direction) – An Aircraft that has departed from the engagement.
  • STACK: Two or more groups with a high/low altitude separation.
  • STATUS: Request for an individual’s tactical situation; generally described as "offensive," "defensive," or "neutral."
  • STINGER: Formation with single Bogey/Bandit in trail.
  • SWITCH/SWITCHED: Indicates an attacker is changing from one aircraft to another.
  • TALLY: Bandit in sight; opposite of "NO JOY."
  • TARGET: Specific sort responsibility
  • TRAIL: Formation of two or more aircraft following one another.
  • TRAILER: The last aircraft in a formation.
  • TRASHED: Missile in flight has been defeated.
  • TUMBLEWEED: Indicates limited situation awareness, no tally, no visual, a request for information.
  • TURKEY: Indicates caller bowled three or more strikes in a row the previous night.
  • VEE/VIC: Vic formation, single aircraft in the lead and an element in trail.
  • VISUAL: Friendly aircraft in sight; opposite of "BLIND."
  • WALL: Three or more groups in line abreast/side-by-side formation.
  • WEDGE: Tactical formation of two or more aircraft with the single in front and two line abreast behind: Same as a "Vee" formation.
  • WEEDS: Very low altitude.
  • WINCHESTER: No ordnance remaining.

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